Apply insecticides like triazophos (e.g. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). facets. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant cv.Kashi Taru through Agrobacterium-tumefaciens mediated transformation. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) (Leucinodes orbonalis). Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Pyrallidae) is one of the most destructive pests on eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Destroy old eggplant plants and stubble (burn or bury them) immediately after harvest. However, there are few Bt vegetable crops. The Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB) The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is the most destructive insect pest for eggplant in South and South East Asia. Check how the new Brexit rules affect you. Leucinodes orbonalis. Common Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging stage: Larvae Crops Affected: Eggplant Characteristic Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis … Vector of citrus tristeza virus. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. Add your article. It causes up to 90-percent yield loss at severe disease pressure. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer is an extremely destructive pest, especially in South and Southeast Asia (Ramasamy, 2009). increasingly ravaged by an insect, eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenée), the larvae of which bore inside eggplant fruit. Due to increasing levels of resistance of L. orbonalis to different insecticides there is an urgent need to test new chemicals. The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) is one of eggplant’s most destructive insect pests. 1). Remarkably, its relationship with environmental factors such … This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). Plants expressing Cry proteins from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), have become a major tactic for controlling insect pests in maize and cotton globally. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. Abstract. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. It causes up to 90-percent yield loss at severe disease pressure. All rights reserved. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. simple eyes. It took only less than two hours for the first instar larvae to go under the calyx and bore into the tender portion of the young developing fruit. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (EFSB). Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Herein we provide the first publicly available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant engineered to produce the Cry1Ac protein. Ocelli. It lays eggs on the foliage and neonate larvae feeds on the tender shoots, boring into the shoots and fruits, resulting in wilting of young shoots, followed by drying; the fruit becomes unfit for marketing and consumption. The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Pegasus®) and cartap hydrochloride (e.g. The Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB) The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is the most destructive insect pest for eggplant in South and South East Asia. The FSB is a small larva that bores inside shoots, resulting in the withering of the shoots. The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August).). It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas. 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